Referred as “The development in the dawn-age”
The Mohenjo-Daro in Sindh
Their Architectural Style
2) Mauryan Dynasty (400 B.C.)
Ashoka (250 B.C.)
Stupa at Sanchi
Ashokan Pillar at Saranath
3) Buddist Rock Cut Architecture: –The early of Hinayana Phase
Examples: Ajanta, ellora, Junnar (pune), Gautmiputra (nasik) and elephant (Mumbai).
Ajanta at Aurangabad
4) The Gupta Period (A.D.350 TO 650)
This period is an introduction of planned architecture and the stone masonry.
In this emerged the earliest known conception of the Hindu “house of God”.
In this period, it appears as a room of stone called “GarbahGirah” literally “womb house”, a small chamber, square in plan, it’s a place where idol was kept.
5) The Diravidian Style(600 A.D. TO 900)
a) Pallavas (600 to 900 A.D.)
Shore Temple (700-728 A.D.Mahabalipuram)
The architectural elegance of this temple goes to king Rajsimhas also known as Narasimhavaman II.
b) Cholas (900-1150 A.D)
c) Padayas v(1100-1350 A.D.)
e) Madura (A.D. 1600)
The number of temples of Madura class is near 30.
Meenakshi temple “fish eyed” at Madurai, It has a sheet of water surrounded by steps and pillared portico called golden lilies”.
Varadarajaswami “ a hundred pillared mandapa” Ekambarnatha “thousand pillared mandapa”.
6) The Northen or indo Aryan Style, Orissa: – ( A.D. 800 -1250)
b) Middle Period :900 to 1100 AD
Examples : All are located at Bhubaneswar except Jagannath.
Mukteswara | Lingraja | Brahemeswar | Rameswara | Jagannath located at Puri |
SutruGaneswara | Bharateswara | Lakshmaneswara
c) Later period: AD 1100 to 1250
Examples : All are located at Bhubaneswar except except Sun temple.
Sun Temple at Konark
Lingraja The King of ‘LINGAM’
Other Examples Of Northern Or Indo Aryan Style
1. KHAJURAHO GR0UP